Department of Mathematics

Indian Institute of Science

Bangalore 560 012






Mr. Md. Ramiz Reza
Affiliation : IISc, Bangalore

Subject Area






Department of Mathematics, Lecture Hall III




10:00 am.




June 29, 2016 (Wednesday)



"Curvature inequalities for operators in the Cowen-Douglas class of  a planar domain"


Fix a bounded planar domain $\Omega.$ If an operator $T,$ in theCowen-Douglas class $B_1(\Omega),$ admits the compact set $\bar{\Omega}$ as a spectral set, then the curvature inequality $\mathcal K_T(w) \leq - 4 \pi^2 S_\Omega(w,w)^2,$ where $S_\Omega$ is the S\"{z}ego kernel of the domain $\Omega,$ is evident. Except when $\Omega$ is simply connected, the existence of an operator for which $\mathcal K_T(w) = 4 \pi^2 S_\Omega(w,w)^2$ for all $w$ in $\Omega$ is not known. However, one knows that if $w$ is a fixed but arbitrary point in $\Omega,$ then there exists a bundle shift of rank $1,$ say $S,$ depending on this $w,$ such that $\mathcal K_{S^*}(w) = 4 \pi^2 S_\Omega(w,w)^2.$ We prove that these { extremal} operators are uniquely determined: If $T_1$ and $T_2$ are two operators in $B_1(\Omega)$ each of which is the adjoint of a rank $1$ bundle shift and $\mathcal{K}_{T_1}({w}) = -4\pi ^2 S(w,w)^2 = \mathcal{K}_{T_2}(w)$ for a fixed $w$ in $\Omega,$ then $T_1$ and $T_2$ are unitarily equivalent. A surprising consequence is that the adjoint of only some of the bundle shifts of rank $1$ occur as extremal operators in domains of connectivity $> 1.$ These are described explicitly.