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PhD Thesis colloquium

Title: $L^p$-Asymptotics of Fourier transform of fractal measures
Speaker: K. S. Senthil Raani
Date: 23 April 2015
Time: 3:00pm - 4:00pm
Venue: Lecture Hall I, Department of Mathematics

One of the basic questions in harmonic analysis is to study the decay properties of the Fourier transform of measures or distributions supported on thin sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$. When the support is a smooth enough manifold, an almost complete picture is available. One of the early results in this direction is the following: Let $f\in C_c^{\infty}(d\sigma)$, where $d\sigma$ is the surface measure on the sphere $S^{n-1}\subset\mathbb{R}^n$. Then

\[|\widehat{fd\sigma}(\xi)|\leq\ C\ (1+|\xi|)^{-\frac{n-1}{2}}.\]

It follows that $\widehat{fd\sigma}\in L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for all $p>2n/(n-1)$. This result can be extended to compactly supported measure on $(n-1)$-dimensional manifolds with appropriate assumptions on the curvature. Similar results are known for measures supported in lower dimensional manifolds in $\mathbb{R}^n$ under appropriate curvature conditions. However, the picture for fractal measures is far from complete. This thesis is a contribution to the study of asymptotic properties of the Fourier transform of measures supported in sets of fractal dimension $0<\alpha<n$ for $p\leq 2n/\alpha$.

In 2004, Agranovsky and Narayanan proved that if $\mu$ is a measure supported in a $C^1$-manifold of dimension $d<n$, then $\widehat{fd\mu}\notin L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $1\leq p\leq \frac{2n}{d}$. We prove that the Fourier transform of a measure $\mu_E$ supported in a set $E$ of fractal dimension $\alpha$ does not belong to $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $p\leq 2n/\alpha$. We also study $L^p$-asymptotics of the Fourier transform of fractal measures $\mu_E$ under appropriate conditions on $E$ and give quantitative versions of the above statement by obtaining lower and upper bounds for the following:

\(\underset{L\Rightarrow\infty}{\limsup} \frac{1}{L^k} \int_{|\xi|\leq L}|\widehat{fd\mu_E}(\xi)|^pd\xi,\) \(\underset{L\Rightarrow\infty}{\limsup} \frac{1}{L^k} \int_{L\leq |\xi|\leq 2L}|\widehat{fd\mu_E}(\xi)|^pd\xi.\)

Contact: +91 (80) 2293 2711, +91 (80) 2293 2265 ;     E-mail: chair.math[at]iisc[dot]ac[dot]in
Last updated: 01 Oct 2023